Friday, November 16, 2018
  • RSS
  • Delicious
  • Digg
  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • Linkedin
Home » Libya » Joint Communique on Libya

04/08/2013

amnesty international

Following the sentencing of the former Education Minister in the Gaddafi dictatorial regime, Ahmad Ibrahim regime to death, Amnesty International, AI, said that hundreds of former soldiers and supporters of the former dictator Colonel are at increased risk of the death penalty.

The Misurata Court of Appeals sentenced Ahmad Ibrahim to death on Wednesday July 31 along with five other men having been found guilty of murder and inciting violence during the 2011 uprising that led to the Libyan dictator’s overthrow.

AI said that thousands of detainees are being held in relation to the 2011 conflict, including members of al-Gaddafi’s former security forces and others perceived as loyalists. It said that many are in danger of receiving similar sentences as courts process their cases in the coming months.

Philip Luther, Director for the Middle East and North Africa at Amnesty International said: “While the victims of war crimes and human rights violations have the right to see justice being done, justice must not turn into revenge. The trials of former al-Gaddafi loyalists are a test for Libya’s judicial system.

“The death penalty is the ultimate denial of human rights, and can never be justified, regardless of the crime or the offender. This ruling is a setback for human rights in Libya and undermines the achievements of Libyan civil society since the end of al-Gaddafi’s rule.”

Ahmad Ibrahim is the first senior official under the previous government to be sentenced to death. The sentences will have to be upheld by the Supreme Court before an execution can take place.

On June 5, the Misurata’s Court also sentenced to death two soldiers on charges of opening indiscriminate fire on civilians in April 2011. This followed death sentences for five soldiers last November by a Court in Benghazi. Military jurisdictions should never have the power to impose the death penalty, IA said.

Among the most prominent loyalists facing trial is Gaddafi’s son, Seif al-Islam, who is due to go on trial in Libya later this month. Libya has appealed a ruling by the International Criminal Court, ICC, to hand him over to be tried on two counts of crimes against humanity for his alleged role in the 2011 conflict.

Amnesty International said that serious concerns about access to fair trials in Libya remain due to the precarious security situation. Arbitrary detention and enforced disappearances by militias continue. The use of torture and other ill treatment in detention facilities is widespread, it added.

Philip Luther said it is doubtful that Libya’s judicial system can be truly independent and impartial under such circumstances.

The last known judicial executions in Libya were carried out by the Gaddafi regime in 2010, when at least 18 death sentences were implemented. Under the former regime, executions were regularly carried out by firing squads.

“The new Libyan authorities must do better than the ones under Gaddafi. A moratorium on executions should be adopted immediately, as a first step towards abolition,” Philip Luther said.

Since the end of the conflict, the death penalty has remained in force for a wide range of crimes, including activities that amount to the peaceful exercise of the right to freedom of expression and association.

Amnesty International opposes the death penalty in all cases without exception.

Source: Tripoli Post

Categories: Libya, News, Press

Comments are closed.